Document Type : Review Paper

Authors

1 Department of Hydraulics, Faculty of Technology, University of Tlemcen, Tlemcen-Algeria, France.

2 Department of Chemistry, Group Analysis and Processes, Faculty of Sciences, University of Angers, Angers, France.

3 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tlemcen, Tlemcen- Algeria, France.

Abstract

This review paper will serve to explain how a particle is trapped on a porous media, and describe the mobility of those particles when passing through a media. It also presents the different parameters that play an important role on the trapping mechanism and the role of biofilm formation. The deposition and trapping mechanism of particles in porous media is governed by the action of different mechanisms such as interception, sieving, diffusion, gravitational and Van Der Waals forces, Brownian diffusion, and inertia. The particle retention through the porous media leads to the formation of a biofilm and the clogging of the media. The understanding of particle retention, clogging, and biofilm formation is interesting because it plays a major role in soil recovery process such as bioremediation, biosorption and filtration (on sand and activated carbon) used for degradation of particles (colloids and microorganisms) and harmful contaminants (heavy metals, drugs) by microorganisms.

Keywords

Al-Mulla Emad Abbas J., Jabbar F.H., AL-Hamadani Rawaa Fahim C., Porous media for removal of organic and inorganic contaminants, Nano Biomedicine and Engineering 10 (2018) 104-116.
Aristotle T., Ubandoa, Aaron Don M., Africab Marla C., Maniquiz-Redillas Alvin B., Culabaa Wei-Hsin C., Jo-Shu C., Microalgal biosorption of heavy metals: A comprehensive bibliometric review, Journal of Hazardous Materials 402 (2021) 1-15.
Bai Hongjuan, Lassabatere Laurent, and Lamy E., Colloid transport in aggregated porous media with intra- and inter-aggregate porosities, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2018).
Benmezroua B., Numerical and experimental study at the microstructural scale of the granular transport in saturated porous media, Ph. D Thesis, University of Rennes, France (2010).
Bin G., Xinde C., Yan D., Yongming L., Lena Q.M., Colloid deposition and release in soils and their association with heavy metals, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 41 (2011) 336-372.
Bradford S.A.; Simunek J.; Bettahar M., Van Genuchten M.T.; Yates S.R., Significance of straining in colloid deposition: Evidence and implications, Water Resources Research 42 (2006) 1-16.
Carre E., Microbiological quality of treated wastewater for reuse, Autre, Université de Lyon, France, (2017).
Catalano E., Physical and numerical modeling for the micro-mechanical on saturated granular media, application to the stability of substrates, Ph. D Thesis, University of Grenoble, France (2017).
Chao J., Stefano D.N., Monica B.E., Surface roughness impacts on granular media filtration at favorable deposition conditions: experiments and modeling, Environmental Science & Technology 49 (2015) 7879−7888.
Chao L., Zijian D., Bin H. Qin-Fei K., The effect of temperature and humidity on the filtration performance of Electret Melt-Blown nonwovens, Materials 13 (2020) 1-12.
Chung Jae W., Pathogen removal using saturated sand columns supplemented with hydrochar, 1st Ed., Delft, the Netherlands, (2015).
Collin C., Biosand filtration of high turbidity water: modified filter design and safe filtrate storage, University of Sydney, Australia (2009).
Daalach S., Study of the performance of Vortisand filters with the presence of surface scanning, Ph. D Thesis, University of Québec, Canada (2017).
Davit Y., Multiple-scale analysis of transport phenomena in porous media with biofilms, University of Toulouse, France (2010).
De Novio N.M., Saiers J.E., Ryan J.N., Colloid movement in unsaturated porous media, recent advances and future directions, Vadose Zone Journal 3 (2004) 338-351.
Dos Santos P.R., and Daniel L.A., A review: organic matter and ammonia removal by biological activated carbon filtration for water and wastewater treatment, International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 17 (2020) 591–606.
Dzionek A., Wojcieszyńska D., Guzik U., Natural carriers in bioremediation: A review, Electronic Journal of Biotechnology 23 (2016) 28-36.
Foppen J.W., Van Herwerden M., Schijven J., Transport of Escherichia coli in saturated porous media: Dual mode deposition and intra-population heterogeneity, Water Research 41 (2007) 1743-1753.
Gaol C.L., Ganzer L., Mukherjee S., Alkan H., Investigation of clogging in porous media induced by microorganisms using a microfluidics application, Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology 7 (2021) 441-454.
Gavrilescu M., Colloid-mediated transport and the fate of contaminants in soils, the Role of Colloidal Systems in Environmental Protection (2014) 397-451.
Gette-Bouvarot M., The role of biological compartment in the clogging and unclogging process in infiltration basin, Ph. D Thesis, Institute of Lyon, (2014).
Hahn M.W., and O'Melia C.R., Deposition and reentrainment of brownian particles in porous media under unfavorable chemical conditions: some concepts and applications, Environmental Science and Technology 38 (2003) 210-220.
Hahn Melinda W., and O’melia Charles R., Deposition and reentrainment of brownian particles in porous media under unfavorable chemical conditions: some concepts and applications, Environmental Science & Technology 38 (2004) 210-220.
Haider R., Performance of up-flow roughing filters at high altitude for removal of particles in glacial drinking water in Mominabad Hunza, Ph. D Thesis, University of Surrey, England UK, (2018).
Hakobyan N.A., Introduction to basics of submicron particles filtration theory, Armenian Journal of Physics 8 (2015) 140-151.
Hassan M.E., Yang Q., Xiao Z., Liu L., Wang N., Cui X., Yang L., Impact of immobilization technology in industrial and pharmaceutical applications, Biotechnology 9 (2019) 440-456.
Hongtao Y., Pore-scale modeling of particle filtration in porous media, Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, (2018).
Hoslett J., Massara T.M., Malamis S., Ahmad D., Van den Boogaert I., Katsou E., Ahmad B., Ghazal H., Simons S., Wrobel L., Jouhara H., Surface water filtration using granular media and membranes: A review, Science of the Total Environment 639 (2018) 1268–1282.
Hua Z., Guansheng L., Yongbing J., Jinzhon Y., Yang L, Xin Y, Zhifeng L, and Guangming Z., Transport of bacteria in porous media and its enhancement by surfactants for bioaugmentation: A review, Biotechnology Advances 35 (2017) 490-504.

Z., Tavangari Barzi M., Substrate removal kinetics and performance assessment of recirculation sand filters for treating restaurant greywater, Journal of Applied Research in Water and Wastewater 6 (2019) 56-61.
Jegatheesan V., and Vigneswaran S., Deep bed filtration: mathematical models and observations, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 35 (2005) 515-569.
Jeremy A.R., Sharon L.W., Menachem E., Bacterial adhesion and transport in porous media: role of the secondary energy minimum, Environmental Science & Technology 38 (2004) 1777-1785.
Kerimov A., Mavko G., Mukerji T., Al Ibrahim M.A., Mechanical trapping of particles in granular media, Physical Review 97 (2018) 1-19.
K. Mohanty K., Porous media: fluid transport and pore structure By F. A. L. Dullien, Academic Press, AlChE Journal 38 (1992) 1303-1304.
Khaled A.R., and Vafai K., The role of porous media in modeling flow and heat transfer in biological tissues, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 46 (2003) 4989 –5003.
Kim J.W., Choi H., Pachepsky Y.A., Biofilm morphology as related to the porous media clogging, Water Research 44 (2010) 1193-1201.
Larue A., Experimental methods for the study for the 3D development of biofilms in porous media, Ph. D Thesis, University of Toulouse, INP Toulouse, (2018).
Lazouskaya V., Wang L.P., Gao H., Shi X., Czymmek K., and Jin Y., Pore-scale Investigation of colloid retention and mobilizati on in the presence of a moving air–water interface, Vadose Zone Journal 10 (2010) 1250–1260.
Liu Q., Cui X., Zhang C., Huang S., Experimental investigation of suspended particles transport through porous media: particle and grain size effect, Environmental Technology 37 (2016) 854-864.
Masson S., Study of the adsorption of emergent micropollutants on activated carbon textile, Ph. D Thesis, University of Grenoble Alpes, (2015).
Mc Dowell-Boyer L.M, Hunt JR, Sitar N., Particle transport through porous media, Water Resources Research 22 (1986) 1901–1921.
Molnar I.L., Johnson W.P., Gerhard J.I., Willson C.S., O’Carroll D.M., Predicting colloid transport through saturated porous media: A critical review, Water Resources Research 51 (2015) 6804–6845.
Molnar I.L., Pensini E., Asad Md A., Mitchell C. A., Nitsche Ludwig C., Pyrak‑Nolte L.J., Miño Gastón L., Krol M.M., Colloid transport in porous media: a review of classical mechanisms and emerging topics, Transport in Porous Media 130 (2019) 129–156.
Papineau I., Influence of the variation of the raw water quality and the aging of the media filter on the performance of the granular filtration, Ph. D Thesis, Institute of Montreal (2013).
Partovinia A., and Rasekh B., Review of the immobilized microbial cell systems for bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons polluted environments, Critical Reviews, Environmental Science and Technology 48 (2018) 1-38.
Parvan A., Jafari S., Rahnama M., Norouzi Apourvari S., Raoof A., Insight into particle retention and clogging in porous media; a pore scale study using lattice Boltzmann method, Advances in Water Resources 138 (2020) 103530-10343.
Prédélus D., Lassabatrere L., Paiva Coutinho A., Louis C., Brichart T., Ben Slimène E., Winiarski T., and Angulo-Jaramillo R., Tracing water flow and colloidal particles transfer in an unsaturated soil, Journal of Water Resource and Protection 6 (2014) 696-709.
Prem R., and Manjeet P., Schmutzdecke- A filtration layer of slow sand filter, review article, International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 7 (2018) 637-645.
Rendueles O., and Ghigo J-M., Multi-species biofilms: how to avoid unfriendly neighbors, FEMS Microbiology Review 36 (2012) 972–989.
Reyhani Z.S., and Khoshnood Z., Study of biofilm creating bacteria in drinking water of Ahvaz city in Iran, Journal of Applied Research in Water and Wastewater 7 (2020) 163-166.
Richards T., Particle clogging in porous media Filtration of a smectite solution, Ph. D Thesis, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, (2010).
Silva A., Delerue-Matos C., Figueire do Sónia A., Freitas O.M., The use of algae and fungi for removal of pharmaceuticals by bioremediation and biosorption processes: A review. Water 11 (2019) 1555-1591.
Simpson D.R., Review, biofilm processes in biologically active carbon water purification, Water research 42 (2008) 2839 – 2848.
Tahani F., Souli H., Fleureau J.M., Kermouche G., Fry J.J., Girar B., Aelbrecht D., Lambert J., and Harkes M., Durability of bioclogging treatment of soils, Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Journal 142 (2016) 1-11.
Tahar A., Amelioration of the elimination of organic micropollutants from wastewater by secondary and tertiary, Doctoral thesis. University of Montpellier I, France, (2013).
Timoteo B.B., Anthony L.A., and Enguito M.R.C., Efficiency of slow sand filter in purifying well, Water Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies 2 (2013) 86-102.
Torkzaban S., Hassanizadeh S.M., Schijven J.F., Van den Berg H.H.J.L., Role of air-water interfaces on retention of viruses under unsaturated conditions, Water Resources Research 44 (2006) 1-11.
Torkzaban S., Kim H.N., Simunek J., Bradford S.A., Hysteresis of colloid retention and release in saturated porous media during transients in solution chemistry, Environmental Science & Technology 44 (2010) 1662-1669.
Tovey S., Transport and accumulation of bacteria in porous media, Handout, Seminar, Institute for Computational Physics, (2019) 1-14.
Tufenkji N., and Elimelech M., Deviation from the classical colloid filtration theory in the presence of repulsive DLVO interactions, Langmuir 20 (2004) 10818-10828.
Tufenkji N., and Elimelech M., Spatial distributions of Cryptosporidium oocysts in porous media: evidence for dual mode deposition, Environmental Science and Technology 39 (2005) 3620-3629.
Tufenkji N., Modeling microbial transport in porous media: traditional approaches and recent developments, Advances in Water Resources 30 (2007) 1455-1469.
Tushar Kanti S., and Kartic C.K., Review on subsurface colloids and colloid-associated contaminant transport in saturated porous media, Advances in Colloid and Interface Science 119 (2006) 71- 96.
Ubandoa A.T., Africab A.D.M., Maniquiz-Redillas M.C., Culaba A.B., Chen W-H., Chang J.S., Microalgal biosorption of heavy metals: A comprehensive bibliometric review, Journal of Hazardous Materials 402 (2021) 1-11.
Verma S., Daverey A., Sharma A., Slow sand filtration for water and wastewater treatment–a review, Environmental Technology Reviews 6 (2017) 47-58.
Wang C., Comparative study of materialsin the filtration reactors for the non collective sewage system, Ph. D Thesis, University of Limoges, France (2015).
Wang C., Wang R., Huo Z., Xie E., Dahlke H.E., Colloid transport through soil and other porous media under transient flow conditions-A review, WIREs Water 7 (2020) 1-33.
Wollesen de Jonge L., Kjaergaard C., Moldrup P., Colloids and colloid-facilitated transport of contaminants in soils: An introduction, Vadose Zone Journal 3 (2004) 321-325.
Youngseok K., Kyung Hyun A., Seung Jong L., Clogging mechanism of poly(styrene) particles in the flow through a single micro-pore, Journal of Membrane Science 534 (2017) 25-32.