Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Jiroft University, Jiroft, Iran.

2 Department of Geological Information Technologies, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey.

3 Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran.



Water is one of the most basic environmental resources and plays an important role in human life. The Sistan river is the only source of water supply in this area and is completely dependent on the border river of Hirmand. The water of this river fluctuates greatly due to the interference of the country of Afghanistan, climate changes and the existence of Hamon international wetland, which has made the issue of decision-making regarding the management of water resources in Sistan region more than in other regions. This study, using the WEAP model, deals with modeling the effects of changes made in the water resources system in the Sistan region, which has special weather conditions. The results of this study showed that policies implemented in recent years have a positive effect on increasing water resources and decreasing water shortages in agriculture, drinking water, and the environment sectors, and supply-side policies combined with demand-side policies like increasing irrigation efficiency and reducing the per capita consumption of water can have a greater effect on economic, social and environmental development. It was also found that domestic water needs were met in all months, but in the agricultural sector, only 20% of agricultural water was provided to farmers in the summer months. Therefore, based on field observations, the agricultural sector is facing more problems in supplying water to the regions. Finally, for environmental needs, 184,000 cubic meters of water needed by Hamon Hirmand has not been supplied.


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