Document Type : Short Communication


1 Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.

2 Department of Nature Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran.



Wetlands, as temporary or permanent water reservoirs, provide various benefits for the ecosystem, such as water supply, waste water treatment, and dust control. By the end of 2023, the Iranian government and the Ramsar Convention have registered 25 international and 226 national wetlands. West Azerbaijan and Mazandaran provinces have more wetland ecosystems than any other provinces. Semnan, Yazd, and Zanjan provinces have no wetlands. According to the Ramsar Convention of 1971, Iran has 32 aquatic ecosystems that have the potential to become wetland. In addition, according to the available data and the WHO standard, eight wetlands have the highest probability of producing dust and should be given more attention and care. We recommend the wetland management plan, which ensures their water requirements, protects them from degradation and pollution, and promotes their ecological restoration. Satellite image analysis can help explore how climate change affects dust intensity, considering the role of wetlands in dust control.


Bao, C. et al. (2022) 'Analyses of the dust storm sources, affected areas, and moving paths in Mongolia and China in early spring', Remote Sensing, 14(15), pp. 3661. doi:
Fakhroueian, Z. et al. (2018) 'Transfer of technical knowledge from dust control in Khuzestan province for elimination of Hamoon Jazmoorian wetland challenges', Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution, 15(2), pp. 89-98. doi:
Foroughi, M., Aazami, J., and Khosravi, Y. (2021) 'Predicting future changes in temperature and precipitation using hadcm2 model (case study): Golpayegan Shoor Wetland, Iran', Arabian Journal of Geoscience, 14(8), pp. 1-9. doi:
Hemati, M, et al. (2023) 'Iranian wetland inventory map at a spatial resolution of 10 m using Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 data on the Google Earth Engine cloud computing platform', Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 195(5), pp. 1-21. doi:
Hemati M, et al. (2022) 'Iranian wetland hydroperiod change detection using an unsupervised method on 20 years of Landsat data within the Google Earth Engine', International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 17-22 July. USA: IEEE, pp. 6209-6212.
Jahantigh, M. (2021) 'Effects of irrigation methods of subsurface, clay pot and drop on Mulberry growth in dry land region (Case study: Sistan area)', Water and Soil Management and Modeling, 1(2), pp. 25-35. doi:
Jiangyi, L., Shiquan, D., and Hmeimar, A. (2020) 'Cost-effectiveness analysis of different types of payments for ecosystem services: A case in the urban wetland ecosystem', Journal of Cleaner Production, 249, 119325. doi:
Kingsford, R. et al. (2021) 'Ramsar wetlands of international importance–improving conservation outcomes', Frontiers in Environmental Science, 9, 53. doi:
Omondi, D.O. and Navalia, A.C. (2020) 'Constructed wetlands in wastewater treatment and challenges of emerging resistant genes filtration and reloading', in Devlin, A., Pen, J., Shah, M.M. (ed.) Inland Waters-Dynamics and Ecology. London: IntechOpen, pp. 1-16.
Sonu, K., Sogani, M., and Syed, Z. (2021) 'Integrated constructed wetland-microbial fuel cell using biochar as wetland matrix: Influence on power generation and textile wastewater treatment', Energy Technology & Environmental Science, 6(32), pp. 8323-8328. doi:
Verhoeven, J.T, and Setter, T.L. (2010) 'Agricultural use of wetlands: opportunities and limitations', Annals of Botany, 105(1), pp. 155-63. doi: